Not all birds fly south for the winter. Help out those you see by putting up a feeder. Then keep a list of all the kinds of birds that come to eat - during the winter and all year long!
How to attract birds
If you start feeding in winter, don't stop. It will stress out the birds. Some could even die.
Keep feeders filled.
Separate various foods. If possible, put each kind in a separate feeder so large birds don't crowd out smaller birds.
Provide warm water for birds to drink.
Clean feeders once a month with soap and water to prevent sick birds from infecting others.
Pick up seeds from the ground; they can collect bacteria and infect birds.
Place feeders near trees so birds can find cover quickly if a cat or hawk appears.
In late winter, hang new birdhouses and clean out old ones.
Types of feeders
There are many different kinds of feeders. Here are a few of the most popular:
Most birds like these.The roof keeps food dry, and the low rim keeps in food.
Tube seed feeder
Popular with small birds, such as finches, and chickadees.
A one-way mirror on the back of this feeder lets you observe birds close up. Suction cups secure it to the window.
Most birds like these, too. Use suet cakes or make your own. To make suet, mix table scraps, seeds and nuts with melted fat. Pour the mixture into a container to set. Remove from container and put solid suet in a holder or mesh bag.
What birds like to eat
Different birds like different things. Here's a guide to get you started.
Black-oil sunflower seeds