Arthur Amos Woodward Jr., who designed and tested military protective clothing at Aberdeen Proving Ground, died Sunday of prostate cancer at his Bel Air home. He was 82.
Dr. Woodward began working in 1953 at the medical laboratories at the old Edgewood Arsenal before he went to work a year later at the proving ground, where he was a member of the Army
Ordnance Corps Human Engineering Laboratories.
He retired in 1993.
"He once spent a summer in the rain forest of Panama testing clothing and then spent a winter in Alaska doing the same thing," said his wife of 56 years, the former Mary Moore Chamberlin.
Throughout his career at Aberdeen, Dr. Woodward wrote extensively and lectured widely on cellular and environmental physiology. He also would often spend 24 hours in a tank under simulated battlefield conditions testing military clothing and human fatigue levels.
"He was an expert in human body measurement and the biomechanical links of the body as related to anything a soldier would wear or carry, such as packs and body armor," said Charles A. Hickey Jr., a human factor specialist at the proving ground, who worked with Dr. Woodward for nearly 20 years.
Dr. Woodward was born in Decatur, Ill., and raised in Detroit.
He earned a bachelor's degree from Oberlin College in 1938 and a master's degree from Wesleyan University in Middletown, Conn., in 1940. He earned a doctorate in physiology from the University of Pennsylvania in 1947.
From 1940 to 1949, he was with the Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole, Mass., and taught physiology at Brown University from 1947 to 1949.
He then joined the faculty at Washington University in St. Louis and stayed until he went to work at Edgewood Arsenal, which now is part of the proving ground.
He was one of the original members of the faculty of Harford Community College, where he taught biology for many years.
Long active in Harford County civic affairs, Dr. Woodward was a member of the PTA and later was president of the PTA President's Conference. He was a member of the Harford County League of Women Voters.
He was president of the county chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union and on the organization's board. He was also a Golden Heritage member of the Harford County branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and was a 30-year member of the Southern Poverty Law Center.
He was secretary and discussion leader for Harford Interracial Dialogues.
Dr. Woodward was a member of Hosanna Community House Inc., one of the county's three Freedmen's Bureau schools that had been established by Congress in 1865 as part of a nationwide system to educate black people.
He was a founding member of Harford County Unitarian Universalist Fellowship and later joined Towson Universalist Unitarian Church.
At his death, he was a member of Northern Chesapeake Unitarian Universalist Society, which is building a church in Fallston.
Plans for a memorial service were incomplete yesterday.
In addition to his wife, he is survived by a son, Arthur Amos Woodward III of Auburn, Maine; a daughter, Ann Elizabeth Woodward of New York; a brother, Walter R. Woodward of Carlisle, Mass.; and three granddaughters.
Donations may be made to the ACLU Foundation of Maryland, 2219 St. Paul St., Baltimore 21218; or Northern Chesapeake Unitarian Universalist Society, P.O. Box 258, Fallston 21047-0258.
Pub Date: 10/09/98