was born in Eastwood, Nottinghamshire, the son of a miner. He attended public school and, reluctantly, went on to become a schoolteacher. Upon some encouragement by friends and a book publisher he began to seriously work on his writing. He gave up teaching after the publication of his first novel, "The White Peacock," in 1911. Lawrence would later produce works, such as "The Rainbow (1915)," "Women in Love (1920)," and "Lady Chatterly's Lover (1928)" that drew considerable criticism for their explorations of sex and marriage.