New Windsor, jewel of Maryland Piedmont: Heritage: Buildings reflect the town's development from its founding in 1796 up to the World War II era.

November 02, 1997|By Sunny Kaplan | Sunny Kaplan,CAPITAL NEWS SERVICE Sun staff writer Mary Gale Hare contributed to this article.

New Windsor, a 19th-century summer resort town for city dwellers in Washington and Baltimore, has been added to the National Register of Historic Places.

The town once was hailed for its sulfur spring, which was said to have medicinal qualities. Two 18th-century roads passed through the region: Monocacy Road connected the Monocacy River Valley to Baltimore, and Buffalo Road connected Annapolis with Buffalo, N.Y.

In 1788, Isaac Richardson Atlee opened a small tavern at the intersection of the two roads and in 1797, the original 28 plots were created.

"Walking the streets of New Windsor you get a feeling for what the town was like for a 19th-century visitor," said Kenneth Short, a historic planner with the Carroll County Department of Planning.

"New Windsor is a typical Piedmont-area town, formed at the end of the 18th century," said Peter Kurtze, administrator of Maryland Historic Trust, which endorsed the town's application for historic status. "A rich agricultural landscape surrounds it and runs as far as the eye can see."

New Windsor covers 98 acres and consists of 216 structures, including domestic, commercial, public, educational and religious buildings reflecting the development of the town from its founding in 1796 up to the World War II era.

The structures represent a range of architectural classifications, including mid-19th century, late Victorian/Queen Anne, late 19th-century Revivals/Colonial Revival and early 20th-century American/Bungalow.

Short said some of the more architecturally significant buildings include the Dielman Inn, established in the late 18th century, the former Blue Ridge College, three historic churches, three banks, the Fairfield Farms Dairy Creamery and the town hall and firehouse.

The Dielman Inn was advertised for the "medical qualities of the water, the utility of cold and warm bathing, the salubrity of the place and romantic country around it," according to Short.

New Windsor, one of Carroll County's smallest incorporated towns - population about 1,100 - joins many of its neighbors on the register, including Union Bridge, Linwood, Sykesville, Taneytown, Uniontown, Westminster and Lineboro.

Buildings at least 50 years old and considered valuable to U.S. history are eligible for the register. Short found more than half of New Windsor's structures fit register criteria. The designation may help the town secure grant money to refurbish its historic buildings. Federal and state tax credits for renovation work also come with the designation.

"The tax credits can be a real tool as far as preservation goes," said Barbara Duree, a town resident. "Maybe that can help, especially when a landlord wants to convert a home into apartments."

Pub Date: 11/02/97

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