Ella L. Collins, 82, a civil rights activist and self-made...


August 07, 1996

Ella L. Collins, 82, a civil rights activist and self-made businesswoman who her half-brother Malcolm X called "the first really proud black woman I had ever seen," died Saturday in Boston.

After Malcolm X was shot to death in February 1965 while giving a speech to followers in New York City, she took control of the Organization of Afro-American Unity, the group he founded after his split in 1964 with Nation of Islam founder Elijah Muhammad.

She reared Malcolm X after their father was killed and his mother suffered a nervous breakdown. In the 1950s, Malcolm X recruited her into the Nation of Islam, then called the Temple of Islam. She was active in establishing the movement's Boston mosque and setting up its first day care center. She broke away in 1959,

becoming a Sunni Muslim.

Tadeus Reichstein, 99, who shared the Nobel prize for medicine in 1950 with two other physicians, died Thursday in Basel, Switzerland. Working with Philip S. Hench and Edward C. Kendall, he isolated biologically active substances, including cortisone and adrenocorticotropic hormone, or ACTH. Later, they discovered the anti-inflammatory properties of cortisone, now used for conditions ranging from skin rash to joint disorders.

Pub Date: 8/07/96

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