Arvid Fredborg, 80, a journalist and one of the first to...

DEATHS ELSEWHERE

January 11, 1996

Arvid Fredborg, 80, a journalist and one of the first to report the scope and goals of the Nazi Holocaust, died of an apparent heart attack Thursday at his home outside Stockholm, Sweden.

His 1943 book "Behind the Steel Wall" detailed the systematic genocide at Nazi death camps and estimated that 2 million Jews had been killed. The book came out two years after the death camps were started, but before the killing reached its peak. The book caused a stir in Sweden and was published in English in 1944.

His biggest contribution was to publicize the extent of Nazi genocide and the goals of the Holocaust, rather than to expose it for the first time, Swedish historian Henrik Brackner said. Many governments, including Sweden's, knew about the death camps but kept silent.

The Rev. James Royce, 81, a Jesuit priest who did groundbreaking work in addiction studies, died Saturday in Seattle. He was a professor emeritus of psychology and addiction studies at Seattle University. He developed and taught what is believed to be the nation's first standard college course on alcoholism in 1950.

Albert Homer Swanke, 86, a nationally known architect, died Monday in New Orleans. His projects included extending the East Front of the U.S. Capitol, restoring the original Senate and Supreme Court chambers in the Capitol and building the James Madison Memorial Building of the Library of Congress. He was a consultant in the 1980s to the French-American Committee for the Restoration of the Statue of Liberty.

Mary Averell Fisk, 78, who championed early-childhood education in 45 years as a volunteer in the New York City public schools, died Saturday of a heart attack at her home in Arden, N.Y. The elder daughter of W. Averell Harriman, the former governor of New York and ambassador to the Soviet Union and Britain, Mrs. Fisk worked through the New York City Volunteer Program, of which she was a founder, and the Public Education Association.

The Most Rev. Joseph B. Brunini, 86, retired bishop of the Catholic Diocese of Jackson, Miss., died there last weekend of an apparent heart attack. The Vicksburg, Miss., native served 17 years as bishop, retiring in 1984 at age 75. He promoted racial harmony in the 1950s and 1960s. He helped found the Mississippi Religious Leadership Conference and was the first president of the interdenominational, biracial group.

John A. Gronouski, 76, postmaster general under Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson and a former ambassador to Poland, died Sunday in Madison, Wis.

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