Paul-Emile Victor, 87, the explorer considered the father...


March 09, 1995

Paul-Emile Victor, 87, the explorer considered the father of French polar expeditions, died of heart failure Tuesday on Motu-Tane, his private island and home since 1977 near Bora-Bora in French Polynesia. He made his reputation in the snow-blown climes of Greenland in the 1930s. Later, he explored Antarctica, where he became the guarantor of France's presence. During World War II, he worked with the U.S. Air Force as a paratrooper, perfecting a technique for saving troops on the "northern route" that assured the air bridge with the Soviet Union north of Alaska. He wrote dozens of books, including "The Poles and Their Secrets" and "Planet Antarctica."

Paul Horgan, 91, two-time Pulitzer Prize winner and an English professor at Wesleyan University, died Tuesday in Middletown, Conn. He won the Pulitzer for history in 1955 with his book, "Great River: The Rio Grande in North American History." He won a second Pulitzer for history-biography in 1975 with "Lamy of Santa Fe." He wrote more than 40 books, including 17 novels, four volumes of short stories and five biographies. Wesleyan University invited Mr. Horgan as a fellow in 1959. He became a full professor and author in residence in 1969.

Russell Earl Marker, 92, an organic chemist, co-founder of the billion-dollar Syntex Corp. and explorer of the basic chemistry underlying the commercial production of steroidal hormones and birth-control pills, died Friday of complications from a broken hip in Wernersville, Pa. His research on hormones like progesterone led to its commercial synthesis and production. A natural female hormone, it is used to treat menstrual disorders and difficulty in conception.

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