MARCH is Women's History Month and, since statistics help...


March 08, 1994

MARCH is Women's History Month and, since statistics help form the raw material of history, the Census Bureau has summarized some pertinent data about women in the United States:

Population: In 1990, there were 127.5 million women in the nation, 51 percent of the U.S. population. The women's population in 1994 is projected to be 133.4 million. Overall, women outnumbered men by 6 million in 1990.

There were equal numbers of men and women aged 25 to 34. More men than women are born each year, but because men always have higher death rates during the young adult years, the ratio begins to even out.

Business: The growth rate of women-owned businesses was more than four times greater than the rate for all businesses from 1982 to 1987. The number of businesses owned by women grew from 2.6 million in 1982 to 4.1 million in 1987, a 57 percent increase.

Women own 30 percent of the nation's businesses, with receipts totaling nearly $280 billion, about 14 percent of the U.S total in 1987.

Education: Women are improving their education. Three-fourths of women received a high school diploma in 1990 compared to a little over half (53 percent) in 1970. College enrollment of women exceeds that of men, and has more that doubled in the past two decades. Women have narrowed the education gap; in 1970, 8 percent of women completed college compared to 14 percent of men. In 1990 it rose to 18 percent of women and 23 for men. In 1990, one of every 10 women in their 30s was enrolled in school.

Women are entering male-dominated fields of studies in ever-increasing numbers. In 1970, fewer than 1 percent of all bachelor's degrees in engineering went to women. By 1990, that figure had increased to 14 percent. In 1970, only 9 percent of business degrees went to women, rising to 47 percent by 1990.

Families: More women are delaying childbirth to attend college and establish careers. In 1990, the birth rate for women 30 to 34 years old was the highest it has been in the past two decades.

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