SOME facts about kids and television, compiled from...

Salmagundi

August 02, 1993

SOME facts about kids and television, compiled from various sources by the Maryland Campaign for Kids' TV:

* The average American child watches television between two and three hours a day. Preschool kids watch an average of three-and-a-half hours per day.

* The average child probably sees more than 20,000 TV commercials a year.

* Children under 7 pay as much attention to commercials as they do to regular programming.

* Most children younger than 6 do not understand that the purpose of advertising is to sell a product.

* Children are exposed to at least an hour of television commercials for every five hours of commercial programming they view. Heavy viewers are more likely than light viewers to believe commercial claims.

* While the level of violence in prime-time television is about five violent acts per hour, the level of violence in children's Saturday-morning programming is about 20 to 25 violent acts per hour.

* * *

BIKING up the North Central Rail Trail one recent Sunday, a friend chanced upon a history walk of the tiny community of White Hall conducted by a Gunpowder Falls park ranger, Duvall G. Sollers. Some excepts from a background paper he handed out:

"Early in the 1800s, a large white house was built. The community of White Hall today is said to have been named for this house. [It] was alternately used as a post office, station, livery stable and boarding house.

White Hall once bustled as a commercial center in the midst of a farming community. There were three stores, a feed mill, a bank, a hotel and a paper mill. At one time the paper mill operated 24 hours a day. The paper mill closed in 1984, but the building still stands and is used in part by a local contractor.

"The feed mill was an impressive five-story wooden structure on Wiseburg Road which served as the community's landmark for 71 years until it was set on fire by an arsonist and burned early in 1974. This property is now used as a maintenance shop for the Department of Natural Resource's NCR Trail.

"The 1909 White Hall National Bank served the community until it was bought out in 1958. Today the old bank building serves as a residence for one of the park's rangers.

"The old 16-room White Hall Hotel is now a private residence. Several beautiful old late 1800s' homes are scattered throughout the area.

"The old grist mill is gone but the mill pond can still be seen behind the post office. Of the three stores, one is closed but standing, one is gone and one is an apartment house.

"During the 1910-1925 era, an agricultural fair was held, sponsored by the White Hall Farmers Club. The White Hall fairground is now nothing more than an overgrown hilltop field barely accessible by a deeply rutted dirt road."

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