James Benton Parsons, 81, who became the first black...


June 22, 1993

James Benton Parsons, 81, who became the first black federal judge in the nation when President Kennedy appointed him in 1961, died Saturday in Chicago after a long illness. He retired from trial work last year but had remained active, performing such duties as swearing in new citizens, until illness made that impossible. "He was a very close friend of mine who certainly paid his dues," said Syd Finley, executive secretary of the Chicago chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. "He simply worked very hard, which resulted in his being superior to many other judges. He was well-respected." The judge had been a teacher in the 1930s and 1940s until earning his law degree in 1949. He taught constitutional law at John Marshall Law School and was an assistant Chicago corporation counsel until 1951.

From 1951 to 1960, he was an assistant U.S. attorney, then served for a year on the old Superior Court of Cook County in Illinois.

Muriel Clara Bradbrook, 84, a leading British authority on Shakespeare who taught at Girton College at Cambridge University in England, died June 11 in Cambridge, where she lived. The professor wrote as M. C. Bradbrook. The first woman to become a professor of English at Cambridge University, she held her professorship from 1965 to 1976 and was the Mistress of Girton from 1968 to 1976. She wrote "The Rise of the Common Player" (1962) and "Shakespeare the Craftsman" (1969). She attended Hutchesons' School in Glasgow and the Oldershaw School in Wallasey, England, outside Liverpool, before studying at Girton. She received a doctorate in 1933.

Albert A. Chambers, 86, a retired bishop who rebelled against the decision of the Episcopal authorities to ordain female priests in the 1970s, died of a heart attack Friday in Sun City Center, Fla. He was at the forefront of opposition to the ordination of women, which the Episcopal Church approved in 1976. Without permission, he performed confirmations for dissidents at churches that seceded over the issue.

Walter F. Bogner, 93, an innovator in architectural education at Harvard University, died in Boston Wednesday of pneumonia. He became a full professor at Harvard in 1944 and retired in 1966. He had a private practice in Cambridge, Mass. In 1951, he was a consultant to the German Ministry of Housing under the Marshall Plan.

John Holland Martin, 58, an oceanographer and proponent of the theory that dumping iron into the ocean could alleviate global warming, died Friday of cancer in Monterey, Calif. He advanced the theory that fertilizing the oceans with iron could slow the increase of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. He theorized that the iron would boost the growth of marine algae, which would then soak up some of the excess carbon dioxide in the air that is

believed to be responsible for global warming.

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