Balkan Update

May 20, 1993

The self-proclaimed Bosnian Serb assembly met in MOUN '' JAHORINA and officially proclaimed the the death of a U.N.-backed peace plan, announcing results showing that it was opposed by 96 percent of Bosnian Serbs who voted in last weekend's referendum. The Serbs demanded peace on their own terms.

xTC MOSTAR was its quietest since Muslim-Croat fighting broke out 10 days ago. But clashes began before dawn in VITEZ. Battles later spread to neighboring villages. U.N. peacekeepers said the fighting was started by the Croats, who claimed they were hitting houses harboring Muslim snipers. An 11-truck convoy arrived in the eastern Muslim enclave of ZEPA, the first since March.

At the UNITED NATIONS, Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali said the standoff between Croats and Serbs in Croatia is so dangerous and unstable that U.N. peacekeepers may have to be pulled out.

In GENEVA, Tadeusz Mazowiecki, the U.N. Human Rights Commission's investigator in former Yugoslavia, accuses Croat forces in Bosnia of committing war crimes in a campaign of "ethnic cleansing" over the past month aimed mainly at their former Muslim allies. Mazowiecki says the U.N.-backed peace plan's division of Bosnia into 10 provinces effectively encouraged ethnic cleansing.

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