September 07, 1992|By Theo Lippman Jr.

This is the 52nd presidential election.

The 11th was held in 1828. For Andrew Jackson who won the most votes but was denied the election in 1824, it was sweet revenge.

But the historical significance of his defeat of President John VTC Quincy Adams was that one-party politics had been replaced by the return of two. Factions supporting Adams in the Democratic-Republican Party were composed mostly of conservatives. Liberals supported Jackson.

Negative campaigning was much more widespread, personal and, basically, false than in previous campaigns. Jackson was accused of murder and adultery, Adams of political corruption and dissoluteness in the White House.

This is what the American people had been waiting for, it seems. They loved it. Democracy erupted. Nearly three times as many votes were cast in 1828 than in 1824.

The burgeoning Western states and the South gave Tennessean Jackson 70, 80, 90 percent of the popular vote. He overwhelmed the incumbent president with 178 electoral votes to 83.

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