This is the 52nd presidential election. (Reading time 50seconds.)
The third was held in 1796. For the first time the untouchable George Washington was not a candidate. Therefore for the first time "negative" campaigning could be invoked.
The Democratic-Republicans chose Thomas Jefferson, who had retired from Washington's cabinet. The Federalists chose Vice President John Adams.
Newspapers were staunchly partisan. On one side, they attacked Adams for his belief in a strong central government by labeling him a monarchist. On the other side, editors charged that Jefferson and his supporters were radicals who would like to see American society collapse into the chaos of revolutionary France.