The Ross Perot bid for the presidency has inspired comparisons with Teddy Roosevelt's Bull Moose third party effort to regain the White House in 1912. Here is a passage from Francis Russell's 1976 book, "The President Makers," that describes the insurgent Bull Moose convention:
"[It] had the atmosphere of a camp meeting. Roosevelt, the Progressive leader, the Bull Moose, seemed to have embodied in his person the reform impulses of a century, from Transcendentalism and Abolitionism to Populism and Women's Suffrage.
"The Bull Moosers were for the most part from the earnest and neglected middle class, professional plain-livers and high-thinkers, professors, social workers, dissenting small businessmen, farmers, women like Jane Addams (who would second Roosevelt's nomination), clergymen and, of course, what Roosevelt himself had labeled the 'lunatic fringe.'