What to do with nuclear scientistsThe United States and...

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February 17, 1992

What to do with nuclear scientists

The United States and Russia agreed today to establish an international center to help nuclear scientists from the former Soviet Union turn their skills to peaceful uses.

The countries also agreed that the United States would provide Russia with 25 rail cars and other tools to transport nuclear weapons to storage and eventual destruction.

Russia will get several hundred special containers for transporting the weapons and their components from the United States, said a senior U.S. official who spoke on condition of anonymity.

The accords were reached at a three-hour meeting between Secretary of State James A. Baker III and Russian President Boris N. Yeltsin.

Mr. Yeltsin said the two sides had been unable to concur on further cuts in their long-range nuclear arsenals, although they had narrowed their differences. Another meeting will be held tomorrow between Baker and Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev to discuss the issue, he said.

Mr. Yeltsin said he hoped agreement could be reached in time for a summit with President Bush in Washington later this year.

VOLCANIC RUMBLES: Security forces in Zaire fired on pro-democracy demonstrators yesterday during a church-led march that the government said was an illegal attempt by subversive priests to bring down President Mobutu Sese Seko. There were conflicting reports on the number of casualties. Radio France International quoted Zaire's communications minister as saying 13 people were killed.

Animal testing vote:

Swiss voters yesterday rejected plans to sharply restrict animal experiments, --ing the hopes of animal welfare groups. Final results of a national referendum showed 57 percent of those voting opposed limiting animal experiments only to those deemed essential for medical research. About 44 percent of eligible voters turned out. The government welcomed the decision as a triumph of reason and said it would continue efforts to reduce animal testing.

Couples outlive singles:

Married people are more likely to live longer than those who are single, according to a study by the Australian National University. The seven-year study showed that the survival and health of the spouse was one of the most important factors affecting the longevity of older people. "Older people obtain most of their support from family members, especially their spouses, and relatively few go into nursing homes," research team leader Dr. John McCallum said today. He said married couples received practical and emotional support from each other.

Selassie's remains found:

The remains of Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie, who died mysteriously after the Marxist revolution that toppled him 18 years ago, were found yesterday in a secret grave, government officials said. State radio said the emperor's remains were buried in a deep hole under the office of ousted dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam in Addis Ababa's former imperial Grand Palace. The emperor's remains will be exhumed today in the presence of his family, and an Ethiopian Orthodox Church reburial is due to take place on the 100th anniversary of his birth July 23, the officials added.

China prisoners:

China has detained many more political prisoners than it has acknowledged, according to a human rights report released today. The report was done by Asia Watch, an international human rights group based in New York, and the Tibet Information Network, which has headquarters in London. They say their report documents 360 cases of Tibetan political prisoners and was released to coincide with a meeting of the U.N. Human Rights Commission on violations in Tibet. Beijing authorities have acknowledged only about half that many cases.

For the record:

The leader of the military-backed Algerian government yesterday set out a program to encourage economic stability in Algeria, wracked by weeks of violence between troops and Muslim fundamentalists. . . . Cuba's Supreme Tribunal upheld the death penalty yesterday for two Cubans who killed four policemen in an attempt to flee the island last month, the Cuban news agency Prensa Latina reported. . . . The oldest member of Britain's royal family, the Earl of Southesk, died at age 98 at his home in Scotland, his family said, yesterday.

Japanese official is charged

Japanese prosecutors formally lodged new charges today against a close aide to Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa, Fumio Abe, already under indictment for taking bribes in exchange for political favors, NHK television reported. The public network said Fumio Abe was charged with receiving $80,000 from bankrupt developer Kyowa Co. while serving as regional development minister. As is usual in Japan, the prosecutors refused to confirm or deny the report for the foreign press. The latest move in the so-called Kyowa scandal occurred as opposition parties boycotted the Diet (parliament) for the 13th day in an attempt to force full disclosure of the involvement of ruling party figures in illegal payoffs.

Oil spill:

A large oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico poses no immediate threat to a Mexican nature reserve that serves as a breeding ground for thousands of flamingos, a spokesmen for the Mexican Navy has said. He said yesterday that the spill, covering 8 miles by 15 miles, had drifted away from the coastline of the Yucatan Peninsula Saturday night, diminishing the threat to an important national park in the area of the Lagartos River.

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