Jobs updateIt's not a best seller like "Gone With the...

MINDING YOUR BUSINESS

November 25, 1991

Jobs update

It's not a best seller like "Gone With the Wind." It won't even do as well as "Scarlett." And, it doesn't have a sexy title.

But the newly revised, fourth edition of the "Dictionary of Occupational Titles" is an important book on employment. Published by the Labor Department's Employment and Training Administration and the U.S. Employment Service, the dictionary is one of the 10 top sellers in government circles.

The updated dictionary, part of the Labor Department's focus on the quality of the work force, is especially "hot" among curriculum developers, economists, job counselors, human resource managers and job seekers.

The 1,404-page, two-volume book costs $40.

The 1991 version, available at public libraries, lists 12,741 jobs, divided into nine categories, such as clerical and sales occupations and machine trades. Next, the categories are listed by occupational groups, such as stenography and metal machining. Then, the job skills required, ranging from architect to zoo veterinarian, are described.

The dictionary has 844 new jobs; 1,609 have the same title but have new requirements. In the last 14 years, 208 occupations have bitten the dust.

Stacked deck

At no time in the last decade has the deck been so stacked for management and against labor.

The recession, and efforts by companies to permanently replace striking workers, have radically shifted the balance of power toward management and altered the effectiveness of the full-scale strike, labor specialists say.

While some unions have marshaled their forces and mounted successful campaigns against concessions, the recession has made it harder for most unions to win visible gains. Companies say there is too little money to meet union demands -- and they are taking a harder line in opposing strikes.

"The climate right now is concession, concession, concession," said union economist Kenneth Peres of the Communications Workers of America.

Mr. Peres cited a recent national study in which 70 percent of 257 employers surveyed said they would seek health benefit and wage concessions from unions in 1992.

The report, by the Bureau of National Affairs of Washington, also said that 80 percent of the companies surveyed indicated that if workers walk out next year, they will attempt to replace them or consider the idea, according to Patricia Strongin, a spokeswoman for the private research and publishing company.

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