Hopkins scientist receives Bower award Recognition of work includes $331,000

September 13, 1991

Dr. Solomon Snyder, director of neuroscience at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, yesterday was named recipient of the 1991 Bower Award and Prize in Science, the richest American prize in science with a $331,000 cash payment and a gold medal.

The Franklin Institute Science Museum in Philadelphia gives out Bower awards for science and business annually to recognize a scientist and a business leader "who embody the practical, entrepreneurial and humanitarian spirit of Benjamin Franklin."

In 1973, Dr. Snyder and an associate, Candace Pert, discovered the brain's opiate receptor. He has since made other discoveries about how opiates and drugs for schizophrenia affect the brain.

Three years ago, he identified a protein in the nasal passage instrumental in distinguishing odors and aromas.

"His work has transformed the field of neuroscience with discoveries that have led to new insights about how the brain works and toward the development of safe new drugs to control mood and behavior," the Franklin Institute said in its announcement.

The Bower award for business this year went to David T. Kearns, a retired chief executive officer of Xerox Corp. known for his "Leadership Through Quality" program.

Mr. Kearns, now deputy secretary in the U.S. Department of Education, will receive a medal only.

Baltimore Sun Articles
Please note the green-lined linked article text has been applied commercially without any involvement from our newsroom editors, reporters or any other editorial staff.