THIS DATE IN HISTORY: Sept.8
In 1565, a Spanish expedition established the first permanent European settlement in North America at present-day St. Augustine, Fla.
In 1664, the Dutch surrendered New Amsterdam to the British, who renamed it New York.
In 1892, an early version of "The Pledge of Allegiance" appeared in the Youth's Companion.
In 1900, Galveston, Texas, was struck by a hurricane that killed about 6,000 people.
In 1920, New York-to-San Francisco air mail service was inaugurated.
In 1921, Margaret Gorman of Washington, D.C., was crowned the first Miss America in Atlantic City, N.J.
In 1930, the comic strip "Blondie" first appeared.