State Sen. Barbara Hoffman says the University of Maryland System, facing $84 million in budget cuts since 1990, is paying administrators too much at the expense of teachers and researchers.
"We need to put our emphasis on faculty and not administrators," said Hoffman, D-City. "Somehow we're paying people who push paper too much. The [administrative] salaries are too high, and I want to see the commitment to change and to put more resources into what's important."
Hoffman, vice chairman of the Budget and Taxation Committee, said she decided to review UM salaries while listening to the June inaugural speech of UM Chancellor Donald Langenberg.
In the address, Langenberg scored "bloated" university bureaucracies with payrolls that carry too many highly paid managers and promised an era of "elegant simplicity" for programs and administration in the 11-campus UM system.
With the state's tax revenues in a $300 million slide this year, permanent tuition increases and a one-time 15 percent tuition surcharge have been added to the list of campus furloughs and freezes now under way to offset the budget cuts.
Hoffman says she wants to see Langenberg "put his money where his mouth is" when he talks of reducing the size of UM.
Her quest was reinforced last month by the state Department of Fiscal Services in a report to a joint legislative committee. The report centers on ways to "recover" recent losses in higher education because of fiscal restraints.
In the report, Fiscal Services recommends a review of administrative salary structures at colleges and universities to see how they compare with similar jobs in non-educational businesses.
The joint legislative committee recommended a review of administrative costs at the state institutions as part of its final report that was released last week.
Hoffman said the salary review will be conducted by her staff. She wants to study the figures by next January when the 1993 state budget process begins.
For instance, the average salary of UM's 20 system administrators is $88,775 and the total annual payroll is $1.7 million, state salary figures show. The Maryland Higher Education Commission's top two administrators earn a total of $174,757.
UM System records show that Langenberg is paid a salary of $175,000, while Deputy UM Chancellor Jean Spencer is paid $119,576. Vice Chancellor Donald Myers receives $117,031 and the salaries for two other vice chancellors -- whose positions are currently vacant -- are $121,160 and $112,112.
On the college campuses, presidential salaries vary with the size of the institution.
At the lower end of the scale, Coppin State College President Calvin Burnett receives $94,640, while Frostburg State University's new president, Catherine Gira, is being paid $95,000.
At the upper end, College Park President William Kirwan receives $143,377, while UM at Baltimore President Errol L. Reese is paid $175,000. Salaries are higher at the Baltimore campus than at other campuses because UMAB houses the university's medical and law schools.
Various vice presidents at the UM institutions are paid salaries ranging from $129,150 at College Park to $118,893 at UM Baltimore County to $79,160 at Coppin State.
By comparison, Gov. William Donald Schaefer receives $120,000 year.
Average UM faculty salaries this year range from $22,100 for instructors at Frostburg State to $71,500 for full professors at UMAB, according to a survey conducted for the American Association of University Professors. Associate professors, on average, receive between $43,000 and $53,000, depending on the campus.
UM's faculty salaries appear to fall near national averages reported by the association.
Langenberg defended the salary structure, saying it reflects the competitive nature of higher education. "If you don't pay the going rate, you're going to get far fewer people," Langenberg said. "By and large, since we do operate in markets and because we are as prudent as we can be, the salary structure is what it can be to provide the university system with what it wants. We have been charged with achieving national eminence by the General Assembly, and we cannot achieve national eminence with mediocre people."
A UM systemwide salary study has been under way for 18 months and is expected to released in November. The study will cost the university $719,700 and was ordered as part of the 1989 reorganization of the UM system and covers classified, associate staff and administrators at the UM campuses.
Any cuts the legislature may mandate as a result of Hoffman's request will be the responsibility of the UM Board of Regents to implement, she said.
"That will be real test of, is this a true system?" Hoffman said. "I'm not doing this to be critical, but if we're going to have to set priorities on the use of resources, we'll have to do it like this. What I want is a scaling back of the bureaucracy with savings put into the teaching and research arena."
UM administrators' salaries
The following chart shows a sample of salaries for the University of Maryland's top administrators.
Chancellor ... ... ... ... $174,000
Deputy chancellor ... ... ... $119,576
Vice chancellors ... ... ... $112,112-$117,031
President ... ... ... 143,377
Vice presidents (4) ... ... ... $98,725-$129,150
UM at Baltimore
President ... ... ... $175,000
Vice presidents (6) ... ... ... $90,000-$115,560
UM Baltimore County
President ... ... ...$130,040
Provost .. ... ... $118,893
Executive V.P. ... ... ... $100,000
Vice presidents (3) ... ... ... $80,000-$92,100
University of Baltimore
President ... ... ... $99,528
Provost ... ... ... $90,037
Vice presidents (3) ... ... ... $68,812-$82,176
Coppin State College
President ... ... ... $94,640
Vice presidents (3) ... ... ... $74,402-$79,160
Towson State University
President ... ... ... $120,000
Provost ... ... ... $95,550
Vice presidents (2) ... ... ... $51,150-$95,500