Vaughn Shoemaker, 89, the editorial cartoonist who created the hapless taxpayer "John Q. Public," died of cancer Sunday in Carol Stream, Ill. Mr. Shoemaker won the Pulitzer Prize in 1938 and again in 1947 for his cartoons. During his career, Mr. Shoemaker was chief editorial cartoonist at the Chicago Daily News, the New York Herald Tribune and the Chicago American. His John Q. Public, a victim of taxes and stupid officials, has become a synonym for the average citizen.
Harley O. Staggers, 84, credited with revamping the nation's rail industry during a 32-year career as a West Virginia congressman, died Tuesday at Sacred Heart Hospital in Cumberland. Mr. Staggers, a Democrat, served in Congress until 1980. The Staggers Rail Act of 1980, the centerpiece of his career, let railroads and shippers negotiate private contracts for the first time and expedited procedures for the merger of railroad networks.
Richard Maltby, a composer, arranger and orchestra leader, died Monday in Santa Monica, Calif., at age 77. His composition "Six Flats Unfurnished" became a Benny Goodman hit. His first hit was "St. Louis Blues Mambo" in 1954.