On Aug. 2, 1990, President Saddam Hussein of Iraq invaded neighboring Kuwait and ignited a world crisis.
The United States reacted by building an alliance of 34 nations to compel Iraq's retreat from Kuwait and to ensure it did not advance further to Saudi Arabia's oil fields.
After a five-month standoff, the allies launched a devastating assault from the air against Iraqi targets on Jan. 17, followed five weeks later by the ground assault to liberate Kuwait.
The military mission was astonishingly successful -- and passionately celebrated.
These articles explore the other side of victory.
Correspondent Doug Struck returned to Iraq, where he found Saddam Hussein's hold on power strengthening while the people of Iraq struggle with shortages of food and medicine, along with hyperinflation.
Correspondent Robert Ruby traveled to Kuwait, where he found the victors stumbling awkwardly to revive their wealthy country in the face of government mismanagement and resistance to change.
In Saudi Arabia, Mr. Ruby discovered, the chief objective is to restore the oil-rich kingdom's veil of secrecy and strict Islamic behavior -- now that the outside world isn't watching as intensely.
Correspondents Richard H. P. Sia and Mark Matthews of the Washington Bureau of The Sun report on the military and diplomatic prospects one year after Saddam Hussein invaded his nation's neighbor and shook the world.