A book published months before the Persian Gulf war had much to do with how it was conducted. "Warfighting," issued over the signature of Marine Commandant Alfred Gray as "FMFM-1," laid out a cogent strategy of speed and maneuver that emphasized surprise and de-emphasized smashing ahead regardless of opposition. It was largely written by Col. Mike Wiley, 51, who was recently passed over for promotion.
"Warfighting" recommends rapid troop movements and flanking tactics, enabling Marines to out-smart the enemy, maneuvering around obstacles rather than engaging in bloody, frontal assaults.
Many Army officers read "Warfighting" and absorbed its lessons before the gulf war. Some called for such a field manual re-shaping Army combat tactics. Navy officers and members of other services commented favorably in Proceedings, the magazine of the U.S. Naval Institute, and indirect-approach, maneuver warfare later proved itself on the battlefield as Marines in Kuwait and Army troopers swept around and overwhelmed surprised Iraqi defenders.