Dr. H. Garland Chissell Jr., a leader in the development of Provident Hospital and the first black health maintenance organization in Baltimore, died Monday at Johns Hopkins Hospital after suffering a heart attack. He was 68.
Born in Petersburg, Va., Chissell graduated from Dunbar High School in Washington in 1938, and received his bachelor's degree in chemistry from Virginia State College in Petersburg in 1942.
In 1946, Chissell received a doctor of medicine degree from Meharry Medical College, in Nashville, Tenn. He later completed post graduate studies at Harvard University Medical School, Temple University and the Armed Forces Institute in Philadelphia.
Chissell practiced family medicine in West Baltimore for 40 years.
From 1958 to 1972, he served as chief of staff at Provident Hospital, now Liberty Medical Center, and worked to raise funds and develop plans for the construction of the hospital's new building on Liberty Heights Avenue. He established the hospital's Department of Family Practice and served as its head from 1961 to 1968.
Chissell was a pioneer in the field of managed health care, participating in the development of the now-defunct Monumental Health Plan, the first and only African-American health maintenance organization in the city. He served as its executive vice-president and medical director for a number of years.
Chissell also served as a consultant on health management issues.
In 1965, along with several colleagues, Chissell founded the Madison Park Medical Center, at North Avenue and Eutaw Street in Baltimore.
After his retirement from clinical practice in 1987, Chissell continued to nurture his diverse interests. He was the developer of the Walbrook Shopping Center and the creator and president of Universal Telecom, a minority-owned firm that held a limited partnership with United Cable Television in that company's 1984 bid for Baltimore's cable TV franchise.
Chissell was a veteran of the Army, having served as a major in the Army Medical Corps at Fort Dix, N.J.
He was a member of the National Medical Association, the American Medical Association, the Maryland Medical Association, the Monumental Medical Association, the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland, Chi Delta Mu Professional Fraternity and the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity.
Survivors include his wife, the former Robbie E. McClellan; two sons, Dr. Herbert G. Chissell 3rd and Robert E. Chissell, both of Baltimore; his mother, Connie B. Chissell of Baltimore; a brother, John T. Chissell of Baltimore; a sister, Connie C. Young of Bowie; four grandchildren, three nieces and two nephews.
Funeral services will be private.
In lieu of flowers, memorial contributions may be made to the Morgan State University Foundation, for assignment to the H. Garland Chissell Jr., M.D. Scholarship Endowment Fund.