Constitutional revisions adopted by El Salvador's National Assembly provide a basis for peace after 11 years of destructive civil war. But it is not peace. What remains is for a cease-fire to be worked out among the army, the civilian government of
President Alfredo Cristiani and the guerrillas of the leftist Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front. The posterity of El Salvador will not lightly forgive whoever might obstruct that cease-fire from signature and implementation.
The reforms enacted were at the heart of an agreement that was hammered out between the government and the insurrectionists during intense negotiations in Mexico City. The key reforms are to separate the army from the police and give the elective president control over the armed forces. In one respect, the National Assembly departed from the Mexico City agreement, and that was to perpetuate a greater political domination of an electoral commission than was agreed.