Anne Arundel County Executive Robert R. Neall today presented a predictably austere $616.6 million operating budget calling for no cost-of-living raises for any of the county's 3,000-plus employees and no tax increase.
As testament to the recession's effect on a county that saw boom growth during the 1980s, Neall's proposal also marks the first time in the 25 years of charter government in Anne Arundel that a budget has decreased from the previous year, he said. The budget this year was $617.4 million.
The proposed budget maintains the current property tax rate of $2.46 per $100 of assessed value, and would make Anne Arundel's rate the lowest of nearby suburban jurisdictions. Baltimore County's proposed tax rate for the fiscal year that begins July 1, for instance, is $2.875. Howard County's is $2.59.
Due to higher assessments, property tax revenues are expected to rise by $22.6 million, or 38 percent, in fiscal year 1992, Neall said. Income taxes will rise only $2.4 million, or 1.7 percent, he said.
"The property tax is the only revenue that held up," Neall said. "The property tax is the only thing that kept this budget afloat. I don't think that's something the property tax revolt people want to hear."
Neall said the county will have to work to reduce the property tax revenue, which makes up 38 percent of the county's total income. Anne Arundel was one of a few counties in the state that saw taxpayers organize last year to protest rapidly rising assessments and taxes on their homes.
"Tax relief will be a major priority in the next three years," Neall said. "If we had the tax cap right now [however], we'd be in deep yogurt."
Among other cost-saving measures, Neall froze hiring, capped payment for accrued leave for outgoing managers and instituted energy controls.
Neall basically reshuffled some existing vacant positions to create more positions for police officers and teachers. He cut 80 vacant spots to save $2.3 million, and created 80 jobs at a cost of $2.2 million.
The county executive, who has been in office for 100 days, also proposed a capital plan for long-term projects of $95.6 million, almost 18 percent less than the current year's $116 million budget.
Neall cut about $11.5 million from the county Board of Education request of $353.2 million. But the $341.7 million is still an increase of $11.6 million, or 3.5 percent, over this year, the largest departmental increase in the budget.
"The priority in this budget is to move education forward," Neall said.
School spending makes up 57.4 percent of county operating expenses, up from 55.4 percent this year.
Neall funded 35 new teaching positions next year, although the board had requested money for 64.5 positions to accommodate 1,500 new students expected this fall.
The largest spending decrease in the budget, $11.1 million, is in pay-as-you-go spending, Neall said. Pay-as-you-go is a program enabling the county to hold down borrowing for its capital projects.
The county executive has a projected fund balance of $7.7 million in the current budget to carry into the 1992 budget.
Neall fully funded $95.5 million for the uniformed public safety positions in the police and fire departments and the detention center, including reducing from 52 to 50 hours the work week for firefighters and emergency medical services personnel.
The council must approve the budget by June 1.