My Question War In The Gulf

NOW YOU KNOW

February 21, 1991

Brandi Delly, age 11

West Baltimore Middle School

6th grade

* QUESTION: Is this war all about oil?

* ANSWER: The night the war began, President George Bush addressed the nation. Here's what he said that night about the country's reasons for going to war: "Our objectives are clear. Saddam Hussein's forces will leave Kuwait. The legitimate government of Kuwait will once again be free . . . when peace is restored, it is our hope that Iraq will live as a peaceful and cooperative member of the family of nations, thus enhancing the security and stability of the gulf." So the war is about not letting a country like Iraq take over a smaller country like Kuwait. And it is also about protecting a free international market for crude oil, which fuels the economies of many countries around the world, including our own.

WAR WORDS

* COALITION -- Same as allies, a group of countries joined together for a common purpose. In the Persian Gulf war, this word usually refers to the allies, or partners, of the United States.

* CENCOM -- An abbreviation for Central Command, the headquarters of the generals in charge of the war.

* CONSCRIPTION -- Forced military service, such as the draft.

* CONVOY -- A group of ships or vehicles traveling together for mutual protection or convenience.

FACT OR FICTION?

THE MIDDLE EAST IS ONE BIG DESERT.

* Fiction: Although it is surrounded by desert, much of the Middle East, including the central part of Iraq, is quite green and lush. The Tigris and Euphrates rivers create a productive, arc-shaped farming region in this area, which is sometimes called "the fertile crescent."

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