THE UNITED STATES and Saudi Arabia, once among Jordan's closest allies, are understandably angry at King Hussein for his open expression of sympathy with Iraq. Yet the king is faithfully expressing the feelings of his people, native Jordanians and Palestinian refugees alike. In fact, by giving their sentiments a legitimate political outlet, he may be making it easier to preserve Jordan's military neutrality and its partial compliance with U.N. sanctions against Iraq.
The king is engaged in the kind of high-risk political balancing act that has characterized his 38-year reign, trying to protect his throne from contradictory internal and external pressures. This time, the feat may prove impossible. The Bush administration, facing a dangerous war, has scant patience for what it considers provocative rhetoric. Yet U.S. interests might well face graver risks if the king lost power to any likely successor.