Mary Goldburt Siegel, 94, a lawyer who in the 1920s helped break down barriers against women in the legal profession, died Thursday of lymphoma at her home in New York City. Ms. Siegel, a 1917 graduate of New York University Law School, passed the bar examination at a time when there were only a handful of women lawyers. In 1921 she began to search for a position as a law clerk. At the time, a year as a clerk was a requirement for being admitted to the bar. She took a job that paid her $4 a week to do law research, but in which she primarily ran errands. The salary was considerably less than the $15 to $25 a week male law clerks received. She finished her apprenticeship at another law firm that gave her broader experience but no pay. She was an assistant corporation counsel for New York City during the administration of Mayor John F. Hylan in the 1920s. Mrs. Siegel said that throughout her legal career she had to fight against the sexist attitudes of colleagues and clients, who usually expected her to work for a lower fee.
Paul F. Bikle, 75, longtime chief of NASA's Dryden Flight Research Facility, died Jan. 19 of a heart attack in Salinas, Calif. During his tenure at Dryden, at Edwards Air Force Base in the Mojave Desert, he oversaw such programs as the X-15 rocket plane.