Giacomo Manzu, 82, a leading Italian artist who gained fame as the creator of the bronze doors at St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, died there Thursday of heart failure. Mr. Manzu became famous for his realistic sculptures of religious subjects and his revival of an ancient tradition of sculpting bronze doors for churches. In 1948, he won first prize for sculpture at the Venice Biennale. In 1966, Mr. Manzu, who professed to have no interest in politics but described himself as a "man of the left," won the Lenin Peace Prize, awarded by the Soviet Union. Although he was commissioned to do the doors for St. Peter's in 1950, the work was only completed in the early 1960s after much prodding from Pope John XXIII, who was a close friend.
Cladys Smith, 82, a trumpeter who played with Fats Waller and other jazz greats, died Wednesday of pneumonia in New York. Mr. Smith began working as a professional musician at age 16. At 17, he joined Charlie Johnson's Paradise Band and soon was recording with Mr. Waller and James P. Johnson's Louisiana Sugar Babes. He worked with many of the major bands of the 1930s, including the orchestras of Carroll Dickerson, Earl Hines, Erskine Tate, Charlie Elgar, Fess Williams and Claude Hopkins. In the 1950s, he started working in a car rental agency. But in 1979 he returned to performing, joining the cast of the musical "One Mo' Time" in New York. He later toured with it.
R. Burdell Bixby, 76, a longtime figure in New York Republican Party politics, died Wednesday of lung cancer in Hudson, N.Y. Mr. Bixby became active in politics in the 1930s. He became an aide to Gov. Thomas E. Dewey in 1948 and secretary to the governor in 1952. Mr. Bixby became a member of the state Thruway Authority at its inception in 1950 and in 1960 was appointed authority chairman. He served until 1974. He was manager of Gov. Nelson Rockefeller's re-election campaign in 1970.
Alfred Frauenknecht, 64, a Swiss engineer found guilty in 1971 of selling Mirage jet engine secrets to Israel, died of a heart attack Jan. 8. in Aadorf, Switzerland. Mr. Frauenknecht was sentenced to 4 1/2 years in prison by the Supreme Court in what was then Switzerland's biggest spy trial since World War II. At his trial, Mr. Frauenknecht, who was not Jewish, said he felt morally obliged to help the Jewish people after the 1967 Arab-Israeli war.