Hamilton Fish Sr., who as a conservative Republica congressman from New York opposed U.S. involvement in World War II until Pearl Harbor and often clashed with President Franklin D. Roosevelt, died Friday evening in his house in Cold Spring, N.Y. He was 102.
Mr. Fish served in Congress from 1921 until his election defeat in 1944.
During the 1940 presidential campaign, he and two other isolationist Republican congressmen -- Joseph W. Martin Jr. and Bruce Barton -- were often denounced sneeringly by Roosevelt as "Martin, Barton and Fish."
The phrase, much quoted by historians, was a cadenced refrain in speeches by the president that were
broadcast across the country by radio.
Hamilton Fish was the son of another Hamilton Fish who served in Congress, and the grandson of yet another namesake, who had variously been a governor of New York, a senator from New York and a U.S. secretary of state under President Ulysses S. Grant.