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1. (c) Brazil produces most of the oranges used for juice in this country.
2. (c) Per unit weight, chili peppers have about five times the vitamin C of whole oranges. Raw turnips have about half the vitamin C of oranges.
6. False. The kiwi fruit is native to China (it's also called a Chinese gooseberry) and wasn't introduced into New Zealand until 1906.
7. (d) Assuming you want to appear proper, sophisticated and hip for your clubmates, you wouldn't drink Perrier unless the ice also was Perrier; the Singapore sling is elegantly outmoded; and white zinfandel, like Boone's Farm, is for wine weenies.
8. (b) An ounce of sunflower seed kernels has 14 grams of fat, compared to 8.2 grams for a tablespoon of peanut butter and about 9 grams for five Pepperidge Farm Chessmen cookies.
11. (d) A bain marie is a pan filled with hot water in which a souffle or other dish is placed so the food is cooked gently, either in the oven or on top of the stove.
12. (a) Believe it or not, bread pudding, meatloaf and fondue all are experiencing a comeback. Beef Wellington is not.
13. (a) tarragon; (b) cilantro; (c) thymeand (d) basil
14. (c) Arnie Morton, owner of Arnie's in Chicago.
15. (a) Carolyn Buster, chef/co-owner of the Cottage in Calumet City, Ill.
, 16. (c) Rapeseed was renamed
canola (after Canada, where much of it is grown) for purposes of marketing and linguistic palatability.
17. (c) Both butter and margarine have been noted for their possible contributions to heart disease -- butter for its saturated fat and cholesterol and margarine for its hydrogenated fats or transfatty acids. A study reported recently in the New England Journal of Medicine found that a diet in which 10 percent of the fat came from margarine lowered test subjects' high-density lipoproteins (good cholesterol) while raising their low-density lipoproteins (bad cholesterol).
18. (c) In general, the darker the coffee, the less caffeine it has. Espresso has less caffeine than regular coffee, but because cappuccino is espresso with steamed milk added, there is less coffee per ounce and therefore less caffeine.
19. (e) Because no food has been proved to be a true aphrodisiac and because the best aphrodisiac is the human brain, any of the answers could be correct, depending on the situation.
20. While (a) and (c) may be frowned upon, it's (b), salting or peppering the food, that will cause the uproar. The chef has prepared the food just as he wishes it. You should never tamper with the seasoning.
21. (a) USA; they've never heard of chop suey in China; (b) kimchi is the national condiment of Korea; (c) lamb's eyes are a delicacy in some Arab countries; and (d) haggis is a traditional celebratory dish in Scotland.
23. (c) Lime (calcium hydroxide) from limestone is used in processing corn for tortillas, making them a good source of calcium.
24. (c) Native to Africa, tilapia is farm-raised in the United States.
0$ 25. (b) Investigators traced the
salmonella bacteria to undercooked contaminated eggs.
27. (c) Gilbert and Clarke Swanson first marketed the TV dinner of turkey and sweet potatoes in 1954.
28. (c) Clarence Birdseye marketed the first frozen vegetables.
30. (a), (c)
31. (c) Carambola sometimes is called a star fruit.
32. (a) or (b); the wine runs about $6,000.
33. (c) Pappardelle are medium-wide noodles.
34. (b) 7 minutes for a "3-minute" egg.
35. (b) krus kovac, made from pears. Ajvar is an eggplant-and-peppers spread; muc kalica is a savory stew; kajmak is butter mixed with cream cheese; all are Serbian.
36. (d) It's called a ladle.
37. True; tests show mayonnaise exhibits little or no bacterial growth when properly refrigerated.
38. False; they are a native American tuber related to the sunflower.
40. (c) A burin is a chisel used for woodworking, a chinoise is a strainer and a spurtle is Graham Kerr's special wooden spatula.
41. (c) Coriander, also called Chinese parsley.
48. (a) Byhrr -- France; (b) Bols gin -- Holland; (c) Unicom -- Hungary (d) Cynar -- Italy
L 49. (a) Domaine Chandon is made in California's Napa Valley.
50. (b) During Andrew Jackson's presidency, a 1,400-pound cheese was presented to him as a gift in the White House. A crowd, however, hacked it to pieces before the president even had a bite, according to "The Pictorial History of American Presidents" by John and Alice Durant (1955).
51. (b) A ramekin is a small baking dish.
52. (c) Scorzonera is commonly known as black salsify, and petoushka is parsley root.
54. (a) A cup of sugar weighs about 7 ounces, flour about 4 ounces.
55. (a),(d),(c),(b); Often, bittersweet and semisweet have the same level of sweetness, depending on the brand.
58. (a) poblano is ancho; (b) jalapeno is chipotle (when smoked and dried); (c) chilaco is pasilla.
59. (c) It sometimes also is called a ground cherry.
60. (c) And you are in trouble.
61. (b) Nutritionists recommend 30 percent, although most Americans get about 40 percent.
62. (a) Graham Kerr -- Galloping Gourmet (b) Jeff Smith -- Frugal Gourmet (c) Art Ginsburg -- Mr. Food (d) Julia Child -- The French Chef (e) Justin Wilson -- Cajun Cook
63. (a) The Dutch adopted the Indonesian "rice table," a feast based on rice.