While Anne Arundel County police handled fewer homicides in 1990, Annapolis police investigated a record number of killings, most relatedto drug trafficking.
There were five slayings in the city last year, up from three in 1989. And police say all but one of the deaths were connected to the drug trade.
County detectives handled 10 homicides last year, down from 19 in1989. None of the killings were directly related to drugs.
Policehave made arrests in all the Annapolis and county cases.
"The drug problem, along with the total disrespect people have for life, and greed, seem to have contributed to the rise," said Annapolis police spokesman Dermott Hickey.
In the last killing, 18-year-old Darryl Downs was shot in the head Dec. 19 in a drug-related dispute on Copeland Street in the community of Bywater. Police said one of the assailants held the Arnold resident down while another shot him.
Early last Friday morning, Jamel Hayes, 17, of Brooklyn, N.Y., turned himself in to police. He was charged with first-degree murder. Police stillare looking for the second suspect.
Three people were killed during a wave of violence late last winter in the city. Alonzo Boyd, 20, of the 700 block Newtowne Drive, was shot to death in a drug-relatedargument March 1. Six hours later, Robert Maynard, 29, of the 1400 block Shottown Road, was found shot to death at Clay Street and Town Pine Court.
On Feb. 13, Ernest DeLloyd Harris Jr., 27, of the 1600 block Clay Hill Road, was fatally shot at the intersection of Clay and West Washington streets.
Residents were concerned that violence would erupt during the summer and police implemented foot patrols in drug-plagued neighborhoods, but the predicted "long hot summer" in Annapolis never materialized.
Elsewhere, county police credit aggressive drug enforcement tactics with curtailing homicides in their jurisdiction.
"They (narcotic detectives) are everywhere and they are very pro-active," said county police homicide Sgt. Thomas A. Suit. "Iknow they are out there working because I am not busy."
County police foot patrols have been sent to problem neighborhoods such as Pioneer City in Severn and Freetown Village in Pasadena.
During a five-month period, detectives and uniformed officers made more than 400 arrests for drugs and other violations.
But manpower shortages andlack of funds forced police to curtail the patrols and the drug trafficking has picked up again, residents say.
Escalating violence inAnnapolis mirrored the bloodshed plaguing the surrounding Baltimore-Washington area.
Neighboring Prince George's County recorded 122 homicides in 1990, a slight drop from 127 in 1989. Officials there attribute 38.8 percent of the deaths to drugs. Baltimore had 305 homicides in 1990, up from 262 in 1989. Forty-five percent of last year's killings were drug-related.
In Washington, D.C., 483 people were slain in 1990 compared to 434 in 1989.
Despite a perfect track recordof arrests last year, county police still are working to solve two 1989 slayings.
On Oct. 12, 1989, the body of Gladys Faye Beauchamp,37, was found in the woods off Crain Highway. The mother of three was on her way to work about 6:30 a.m. when she was killed. Police never have disclosed how she died.
Police also are looking for the killer of 15-year-old Mary Kathleen Grant, whose body was found in the woods off West Pasadena Road Jan. 29, 1989. She died from at least oneblow to the head, police said.
Grant, a Glen Burnie resident, wasa chronic runaway and her parents waited 10 days before reporting her missing.