Black South African leaders meet

November 30, 1990|By New York Times News Service

JOHANNESBURG, South Africa -- Leaders representing most of the spectrum of black politics in South Africa met yesterday under the auspices of the Anglican archbishop, Desmond Tutu, to try to promote mutual tolerance and end the factional violence afflicting black South Africans.

Those present included Nelson Mandela, the deputy president of the African National Congress. But Mangosuthu Gatsha Buthelezi, the head of the Inkatha Freedom Party, refused to come, contending that the leaders of the ANC were not serious about making peace with Inkatha, a predominantly Zulu political movement.

Though the seven-hour session produced no dramatic announcements, some who attended called it a breakthrough and said more such meetings were planned.

"We were amazed at the spirit which prevailed at the meeting," Archbishop Tutu said at a news conference.

In addition to Mr. Mandela, the meeting included representatives of the Azanian People's Organization and the Pan-Africanist Congress, which refuse to negotiate with the white government in Pretoria.

Also on hand were representatives of Transkei, Ciskei, Venda, Gazankulu, Lebowa, KwaNdebele and KaNgwane. All are nominally independent or self-governing ethnic homelands created by Pretoria.

Bophuthatswana and QwaQwa, two other homelands, did not send representatives. Nor did KwaZulu, of which Mr. Buthelezi is chief minister.

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