Phil M. Landrum, a Georgian who served in Congress for a quarter-century and helped write landmark legislation intended to curb union corruption, died Monday of congestive heart failure at a hospital in Jasper, Ga. He was 83 and lived in Jasper. A Democrat, Mr. Landrum was elected to the House of Representatives from Georgia's 9th Congressional District in 1952 and served until he retired in 1977. Along with Representative Robert P. Griffin, R-Mich., he wrote the 1959 Landrum-Griffin Act, which gave the federal government greater control over union affairs. It ensured secret balloting in union elections, tightened bans on secondary boycotts and provided for financial reports by unions to the secretary of labor, with stiff penalties for willful violations. He was also chairman of the subcommittee on education, responsible for writing the Library Services Act. Included in the act were provisions for the establishment of bookmobile services to rural areas. In Congress he almost always voted against foreign aid and mutual security appropriations and was among Southern congressmen who pledged in 1956 to use "all lawful means" to reverse the Supreme Court's desegregation ruling.
Robert L. Rabe, 62, a retired assistant chief of the Washington police and an authority on dealing with hostage-takers and other terrorists, died of cancer Nov. 15 at his home in Derwood, Md. He negotiated more than a dozen hostage-takings in the decade before his retirement in 1979. The most dramatic, in 1977, was the release of 134 hostages who had been held by 12 Hanafi Moslems for two days in Washington's City Hall, the Islamic Center and the national headquarters of the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith. One man was killed and several were injured, including Marion S. Barry Jr., who was then a member of the City Council and later became mayor. Mr. Rabe was a native of New York, a Navy veteran and a 28-year member of the Washington force.
Lien-Sheng Yang, 76, a professor emeritus at Harvard University whose extensive research on Chinese history and Sinology spanned nearly four decades, died a week ago at his home in Arlington, Va. He was the author of several books, including "Money and Credit in China, a Short History."